Manipulable enrichment items (‘toys’ and PVC tubes)

Studies show that tubes, balls, chains and other ‘toys’ to chase, carry or chew, offered in combination, can benefit mink: juveniles may be more playful, cages cleaner, and mink calmer with people (less aggressive or fearful). Fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour (e.g. nodding) can reduce, as can rates of barrenness (‘empties’) in females. Pelt quality and weaning litter size may even improve.